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Training and Education for Change

D.A.R.E. – Schools Programme

The DARE Decision Making Model

All of our courses revolve around the DARE Decision Making Model (DDMM). This is a unique framework that helps young people to make informed, balanced choices by Defining the issue, Assessing their options and possible consequences, Responding by making an informed decision and Evaluating their response.

The DDMM is a golden thread throughout our programmes which cover topics around alcohol, tobacco, new psychoactive substances, cannabis and solvents which can be delivered by our fully trained DARE Officers.


  • On Track is a life skills programme for 6-7 year olds growing up in a drug using world. A short focused programme which is at the start of a much longer one which all the children have to take to ensure that they grow up in an increasingly drug using world, confidently, knowledgeably and responsibly, able to recognise potential dangers and deal positively with persuasion and pressure. This is not a programme about drug abuse nor about illegal substances and the possible consequences as these issues are for older children as they move through their PSHE curriculum at later key stages. ‘On Track’ does not fall into the trap of describing medicines as ‘good’ and drugs as ‘bad’, which is too simplistic and potentially dangerous.
    • Learning outcomes include:
      • All medicines are drugs but not all drugs are medicines.
      • They will be learning that different people need different helpful drugs in their medicines; that these helpful drugs are dangerous if used wrongly or by the wrong people.
      • They will be learning that there are drugs in tobacco and alcohol that some people choose to use are harmful, as are volatile and other misused substances.


  • Keep On Track is a life-skills programme for 7-9 year olds growing up in a drug using world; where the right decisions are paramount to a successful and valuable contribution to the community.  It follows on from the On Track programme. This course is structured into a series of eight flexible, interactive lessons which can be adapted by individual schools according to local or national priorities. These lessons are accompanied by a series of Power Point Presentations.
    • Learning outcomes include:
      • How to weigh up risks and consider the consequences of their actions and how to deal with pressures and influences.
      • Safe and responsible use and storage of medicines and other potentially harmful substances including volatile substances.
      • About the harmful effects of cigarettes and the potentially harmful effects of alcohol.
      • To assess their own learning, evaluate work completed and their actions in order to become a responsible young person in the community in which they live.
      • To be able to engage positively and responsibly with their parents, carers and grandparents. This course is structured into a series of eight flexible, interactive lessons which can be adapted by individual schools according to local or national priorities. These lessons are accompanied by a series of Power Point Presentations.


  • D.A.R.E. Primary  teaches children to be responsible, to think about the consequences of their actions and to make informed decisions. Schools have a responsibility to ensure children leave fully equipped for transition to secondary school/adolescence and all that entails and to ensure that they will be able to make safe and healthy choices.  The DARE Primary Programme is delivered over 10 weekly hour long lessons, with an additional graduation session.
    • Learning outcomes include:
      • Age appropriate, accurate and up to date facts and information which enables children to learn about the health effects which drugs have on the human body.
      • As the course progresses, learning develops and children’s awareness around communication, resisting pressure and managing stressful situations improve.
      • Children are extremely vulnerable to peer pressure and don’t know the facts about drugs and alcohol – they are often unaware of how to communicate effectively, or deal with risky situations.


  • Keepin it REAL is our core secondary school programme for 11-16 year olds based on the well-researched and established D.A.R.E. America Keepin It REAL middle school curriculum. Keepin it REAL utilises a series of video clips, one for each of the REAL strategies, which feature a scenario with a discussion by young people afterward. There is a workbook to complement the videos and additional resources are available via our website in order to support the delivery. 92% of young people surveyed said they found the Keepin it REAL videos engaging, interesting and informative. The full programme can be delivered over thirteen, 45 minute sessions, with a shorter programme available consisting of six sessions. If required the programme can also be delivered in a more flexible way with the ability to select modules to meet the needs of the class.
    • Learning outcomes include:
      • Develop a range of strategies to help them avoid risky situations, Keepin it REAL uses the REAL model of REFUSE, EXPLAIN, AVOID, and LEAVE. These steps can then be used in response to risky situations that young people can find themselves in, often in relation to drugs and alcohol.


  • D.A.R.E. Active is a flexible secondary/community programme which teaches young people (16+yrs) the skills to face life’s challenges in a positive way and to achieve their full potential. With a focus on achievement and aspiration, together with responsibility, the programme will encourage young people to discover the best in themselves and to understand the benefits of planning ahead in order to accomplish what they want in life. An integral part of the DARE Active Programme, the 6 keys include:
    • mental toughness
    • hunger to achieve
    • people skills
    • life knowledge
    • breaking barriers
    • planning for success.
  • The concept of the ‘Six Keys to Success’ is based on the training programmes undertaken by professional athletes at major sporting events such as the 2012 London Olympics. The use of these six steps can be applied to many other areas in life where young people are working to develop their knowledge, skills and experience.
    • Learning outcomes include:
      • Improve communication skills
      • Manage personal stress
      • Learn how to assess key areas of their own development
      • Set personal targets for improvement and work together as a team.
      • Goal setting and action planning is used in order to enable young people to focus and plan for a successful future.
  • Using the ‘six keys to success’ participants will develop an understanding of crucial attributes required for success in life, and how these can be transferred into everyday situations. The DARE Active programme is a five session course, plus a team challenge at the end.

There have been a number of studies to show how effective preventative work is at these ages, please follow these links for furhter information:

98% of responses from teachers rate this programme ‘Good’ or ‘Outstanding’

For further information on how the course is evaluated and its efficacy, click the following links:

Public Health England

Notingham Trent University